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Guideline 4

Respect tenure of land, fisheries and forests, as well as access to water by:

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  • Respecting legitimate tenure right holders and indigenous peoples’ and local communities’ rights to free, prior and informed consent (FPIC)

  • Assessing social impacts of investment activities on all legitimate tenure rights holders

  • Acting to avoid displacement and resettlement of all legitimate tenure rights holders


To achieve this, consider:

  • Strengthening land laws and policies and fair, transparent systems for tenure rights

  • Facilitating collective, communal and individual land titling

  • Improving tenure rights awareness and negotiation capacity among communities

  • Building awareness of and compliance with the VGGT

  • Minimizing any unavoidable resettlement and mitigating related negative impacts

1. VGGT refers to the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Fisheries and Forests in the Context of National Food Security.

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